Chemotherapy (also called chemo) is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly. But it can also harm healthy cells that divide quickly, such as those that line your mouth and intestines or cause your hair to grow. Damage to healthy cells may cause side effects. Often, side effects get better or go away after chemotherapy is over
What does chemotherapy do?
Cure cancer - when chemotherapy destroys cancer cells to the point that your doctor can no longer detect them in your body and they will not grow back.
Control cancer - when chemotherapy keeps cancer from spreading, slows its growth, or destroys cancer cells that have spread to other parts of your body.
Ease cancer symptoms (also called palliative care) - when chemotherapy shrinks tumors that are causing pain or pressure.
Sometimes, chemotherapy is used as the only cancer treatment. But more often, you will get chemotherapy along with surgery, radiation therapy, or biological therapy.
Since cancer is a word used to describe many different diseases, there is no one type of cancer treatment that is used universally. Our institute chemotherapy is used as a cancer treatment for a variety of purposes:
To provide cancer treatment and cure a specific cancer.
To control tumor growth when cure is not possible.
To shrink tumors before surgery or radiation therapy.
To relieve cancer symptoms (such as pain).
To destroy microscopic cancer cells that may be present after the known tumor is removed by surgery (called adjuvant therapy). Adjuvant therapy is given to prevent a possible cancer recurrence.
The Human Capacity:
Specialists (Clinical & Radiation Oncologists) - 14
General Practitioners - 6
Pursuing specialization in cancer - 5